Replacement Terminal Environmental Assessment

  1. What is the Environmental Assessment Process?

The Environmental Assessment (EA) for the Trenton-Mercer Airport Replacement Terminal is being prepared to address federal and state environmental review requirements.   The EA will be prepared in accordance with FAA Order 5050.4B, “National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Implementing Instructions for Airport Projects", and FAA Order 1050.1F, "Environmental Impacts Policies and Procedures".  At the completion of the review of the EA by the FAA, a finding or determination is anticipated to be made, possibly including a Record of Decision.

The sections of analysis within the EA include:

  • Purpose and Need

  • Alternatives

  • Affected Environment (Impact Categories to the analyzed)

  • Environmental Consequences

  • Mitigation (if needed)

The Proposed Action is the basis for the Purpose and Need, Alternatives Analysis, Affected Environment, Environmental Consequences, and Mitigation. The Proposed Action for the Replacement Terminal EA includes:

  • Construct a Replacement 4 Gate Terminal – Improve the level of service for passengers using TTN by providing a terminal with modern and current amenities that are sized for the function and forecast for the airport through the design and construction of improved ticketing, security checkpoint and baggage inspection, passenger hold rooms, concessions, baggage handling and baggage claim, airline operations, airport and county operations, and other factors.

  • Apron Improvements – Provide apron parking for the replacement terminal.

  • Parking Lot Reconfiguration and Parking Garage – Provide parking adequate for the needs of the public and passengers using the airport that may include additional parking lots near the terminal or a parking garage.

  • Roadway, Intersections, Vehicular Circulation, and Ground Access Improvements – Provide improved roadways and intersections for the replacement terminal.

  • Relocate Airport Rescue and Firefighting (ARFF) Facility – Provide a new ARFF in a location that meets response times required for commercial airports.

The Impact Categories Analyzed for the EA include:

  • Air Quality

  • Biological Resources (fish, wildlife, and plants)

  • Climate

  • Coastal Resources

  • DOT Section 4(f)

  • Farmlands

  • Hazardous Materials, Solid Waste, and Pollution Prevention

  • Historical, Architectural, Archeological and Cultural Resources

  • Land Use

  • Permits

  • Natural Resources and Energy Supply

  • Noise and Noise Compatible Land Use

  • Socio-economics

  • Environmental Justice

  • Children’s Health and Safety Risks

  • Light Emissions

  • Visual Resources/Visual Character

  • Wetlands

  • Floodplains

  • Surface Waters

  • Groundwater

  • Wild and Scenic Rivers

The FAA evaluates the Environmental Consequences of the Proposed Action(s). The EA is typically used for projects where Environmental Impacts are anticipated to not be significant or can be mitigated to less than significant.